Perennials, the plants that keep on giving year after year

Reading Time: 9 minutes

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We talked about annuals in our last post. Now, let’s talk perennials.

So what exactly is a perennial? A perennial is a plant that lives for two or more years. Some perennials flower often, and some do not.

In the case of many flowering perennials, unlike flowering annuals, which bloom in one season then die, the perennial plant will continue to live, and new blooms will come up year after year.

Photo courtesy of Julia Yansen

The term perennial is used to describe plants that live for two or more years but aren’t woody, like trees, shrubs, and some vines. Trees, shrubs, and some vines are perennials because they live for more than two years, but most gardeners don’t call them perennials and instead focus on herbaceous plants (non-woody) when speaking about perennials.

Some perennials can go on for many many years if the conditions are to their liking. Those conditions include the right light, amounts of water, balanced nutrients, and oxygen levels.

Roses are a perennial that can live for far more than two years. In the right conditions, they will bloom year after year. Photo courtesy of Sheela Brennan

The needs of a perennial are based on the specific species of plant and the environment they are planted in. As always, it is a bit of an experiment, but when you get it right … voilà, you’ve got it made with some beautiful long-living plants.

One of the most significant differences between flowering annuals and flowering perennials is that flowering annuals will usually bloom and keep those blooms for most of the season, where flowering perennials will bloom for a few weeks, and then the flowers die back.

You get a more prolonged seasonal bloom with annuals, but you get years of flowers with most flowering perennials. You get to pick what works best for you and your garden.

Although I love a wide variety of perennials, in this post, I will focus mostly on the perennials that provide flowers since most people want to add pops of color to their garden. Just keep in mind there are many other types of perennials to choose from.

Tulips are very showy perennials. Photo courtesy of Boudewign Huysma

When the flowers on an annual die, you can be sure that the plant will die shortly after. Remember, they need to drop seed to become new plants the next season, not so with perennials. Just because the perennial flowers are gone doesn’t mean that the plant is gone. Many bulb species of perennials die back and the bulb stays alive in the soil to get ready for next year’s bloom.

Often, indoor bulb perennials are cut back and then put in a warm dark place to do their “thang” next year. Tulips are a great example. Usually, you buy them in the store when they are at their showiest with big beautiful, colorful flowers. A few weeks later, the flowers die. Then, the leaves die, and you think you lost everything. You didn’t! Wahoooo!

They are perennials, so they are still alive under the soil and will come back the next year. That is the cool thing about perennials; they live for more than one season.

How neat is that? All that valuable information stored under the soil, ready to pop up when the season is right. Ah, Mama Nature, you are incredible.

With that in mind, you will need to plant your bulb varieties in your garden with the knowledge that they will come up, bloom, then go back under the soil until next year. You don’t need to rip them up or do anything special, but you can. I’ll go over that a tad later.

I like to mix bulb perennials into the garden design in front of evergreens. The evergreens give you a fantastic backdrop for the perennial blooms when they come up. Think of the perennial bulbs as the front row plants or the hidden plants in your garden.

Some species of perennials only live for two or three seasons. Some gardeners will work with these species as biennials or even annuals because of their short lives. Again, the choice is yours as to how you use them.

Some perennials don’t flower at all. And, some perennials flower and don’t die back or have a bulb at all. Just think of perennials as ongoing but not woody. That is the main takeaway.

With perennials, the design possibilities are endless. Perennials are lovely for texture and visual interest in the garden. There are tons of perennial species to choose from.

Photo courtesy Pawel Bblazewicz

You have ground-hugging, tall spiked, rounded, arching, heart-shaped, bold leaf, dramatic clumps, spiky, bushy, and the list goes on and on.

Lupines are short lived perennials. They live approximately 2-5 years on average.
Photo courtesy Annie Spratt

There are also a ton of textures to choose from. Bold, spotted, variegate, splotched, two-toned, striped, feathery, broad leaves, thin leaves, and again this list goes on and on too.

Perennials offer a huge range of colors, textures, and shapes to choose from.
Photo courtesy Macau Photo Agency

You have options for shade-loving or sun-loving perennials. Remember most brightly colored flowering plants like the sun or at least a lovely filtered sunlight. Bright flowers don’t usually do well in shaded areas. But some perennials do enjoy the shade, such as Hostas. With all these options, you can have some fun playing with perennials.

Watch how the sun lights up your garden before planting perennials. You should know if they like full sun, filtered light or shade before planting.
Photo courtesy of Scott Webb

Before you plant, take the time to watch how the sun hits your garden. This tiny step makes a huge difference for the long haul. As far as bulb perennials go, select the shapes, textures, and sizes you want to see in your garden when the Spring comes. Bright flowers usually enjoy more light.

Make room for those bulbs to come back up and bloom. Check your zone for the best options for your area.

Winter is the perfect time to start pulling ideas for your garden and making notes.
Photo courtesy of Carolyn V

Winter is a great time to make a garden plan or to get a journal to keep notes or make sketches for your Spring garden. Try a free garden design program to layout options or draw it out by hand. Planning and researching prior to planting will save you time and headaches. Researching is also a ton of fun, and you learn so much preparing your perennial garden.

Figure out where all your hardscape items will go, like paths, benches, water features, and decorative garden art. From there, take the time to look at the space and imagine the colors you would like to see pop against your other plants.

For example, if the evergreen is silver, then place a darker flower, maybe purple, red, or blue, in front of it. If the evergreen is darker, think about lighter color flowers like pink, white, or yellow. Contrasting perennial colors will give your garden a dramatic touch without the yearly maintenance associated with lots of annuals.

Of course, you can plant both annuals and perennials in your garden. If you did leave annuals in spots to go to seed and grow new plants, you will have that benefit as well. To learn more about gardening with annuals the easy way, check out this post.

Think about your zone when searching for plants, bulbs, or seeds. Read the estimated bloom dates, growth habits, water, and light needs for that plant. Researching plants is part of the fun of gardening, and it gives you a good starting point, but as always, you will need to experiment. Again, this is the perfect winter project.

You can create a gorgeous show in your garden if you plant things that bloom in succession. You won’t miss the perennials that have died back for the season if you have another coming up right behind it. Bulbs are great for this purpose. You can create a succession garden in containers too.

Succession gardening is a fun project to do with the kids. By planting bulbs that bloom at different times, you will have a garden or container that changes with the season. Succession gardening is also a great way to feed the pollinators a variety of foods.

Perennials planted in succession (so the next species is coming up after the prior species’ flower died back) is a great way to help pollinators and keep color in your yard.
Photo courtesy of Boris Smokrovic

You wouldn’t want to eat just apples every day, all year long, and neither do the pollinators. Variety is the key to life. So plant a variety of perennials, annuals, and biennials in your garden.

You can buy perennials in several ways.

1) You can purchase bulbs, which means they come as bulbs without soil or flowers. Plant those in early Spring where you want them to bloom, cover, and wait for the growth at the proper time of the year in your area. Although most bulbs are perennials, not all will do well in all areas and come back. Please check with your local Master Gardeners to find out what species will do well in your area and how to care for them.

2) You can purchase plants that are already blooming and transplant those. In my experience, the blooms don’t last as long as the planted bulbs. Planted bulbs have time to enjoy their new home and are a tad stronger than plants shipped across the county sitting in a cold store until you buy them and bring them home. That is a whole lot of stress on the plant. Make it easier for them to grow and start with bulbs. You can also purchase seedlings or seeds. I find that seed is always the best for diversity and healthy plants.

When planting most plants, you want to plant at the same depth as the root line. This includes most bulbs. You can usually see the soil line from the nursery. For seeds, a good rule is to plant the seed the same depth as its height.

When transplanting from a pot, make a hole three times as wide and twice as deep so the roots can spread out. I like to cut about 25% of the roots off to stimulate growth. Backfill the hole so the root line matches the soil line.

In my opinion, you should do this with all of your plants. They just grow better; that has been my experience.

Prep the soil, so it is a nice place to live, has good drainage (think about how sand drains well and clay holds water, you want something right in the middle), and also has good organic matter (think about how manure holds moisture and is filled with nutrients). A little bit of both will set up a garden for a long life. This is true for most plants.

Once planted, most perennials don’t need much help. Less is more. Start with great soil, plant the right plant in the right place and let nature happen. You can give them a little water to stay slightly moist but not soaked. Stop watering when the ground freezes.

If you picked the right plant and put it in the right area of the garden (shade-loving in a shaded area, sun-loving in a brighter spot), you should be good to go.

You don’t need to overwater your garden and should allow nature to water as much as possible. You want to create a garden that does most of the work for you. You do this by following the laws of nature. Right plant, right place, great composted soil, enough water but not too much, and great air and light. Gardening this way is easier for you and the garden. Researching what the plants like before planting really helps.

You can give your plants a 1/2 tsp of Epsom salt circled around the bulb or roots and mixed with some composted soil. It helps with blooms. Please do not put Epsom salt directly on the bulb or roots of plants. Spread out the Epsom salt in the hole you made and mix it with composted soil. This is a great practice after you have dug the hole twice as deep. You can backfill with the Epsom salt/compost mix to reach the root line level for your plant.

I feel very strongly about not cutting back dead leaves all the time. Let the leaves die off and compost on their own. This is a good practice and has worked in nature for millions of years, so there must be something to it. There is a lot of something to it, and we will explore that in our soil post. Fallen leaf mulch is an excellent fertilizer for plants.

When leaves are dying, some plants take back some of the leaves’ sugars to become healthier the next year, so it is a good reason not to cut away all the yellow on plants. Sometimes it is ok, all the time, not such a good idea. Let the sugars go back, and the leaves drop naturally.

You may see that your perennial plants are multiplying. That is a great sign. Plants like those with healthy bulbs will reproduce underground, which means you have more to plant or share. Some will reproduce via spores like ferns. Some like Hostas produce at the roots. You can dig the plants up and separate them gently. Then, plant them in other spots, pots, or share them with friends. This is another benefit of perennials.

If you see your perennials look a little sad and tired, it may be time to split them up and give them some room. It is good practice to divide perennials every three to five years. If they have dead spots in the center, or smaller flowers or the leaves are getting sparse, it may be time to divide them. But, if they look happy you can leave them alone.

If you do divide, early Spring for colder areas is a prime time to separate them. This gives the plants a chance to get strong over the summer months. If you live in a warmer place, try the Fall and let the plants grow roots in the mild winter months.

Dividing means more plants, and more plants mean planting more. Planting more is always great, but please don’t divide while the plant is blooming. Creating a flower takes a lot of energy, and if you split them at that time, you are doing damage to the plant.

If you are in a cold area, you can also pull the perennial bulbs up after the leaves die back and store them in a paper bag once they are dry. Keep the bag in a warm, dark place. The garage works great. Then, the next year before bloom time, plant them or share them with others. Most other perennials can stay in the garden over the winter months.

Again, if you picked the right plants for your zone and put them in the right place, they should do well. Some people like to cut perennial plants back to about 6″ above the ground to hold up the snow and protect the roots or bulbs.

I say experiment. I believe in nature’s power and think they will do ok if you picked the right plant for the right place.

So, what species of perennial are you going to try planting? Tulips? Ginger? Ferns? Hostas? Lupines?

I can’t wait to hear what you planted and see your photos.

Plant Power On!
Stephanie

What is an annual, and why should I care?

Reading Time: 8 minutes

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Did you ever have a conversation with a plant head? You know those people that know everything about gardening, have a bright green thumb, and spout words like annual, perennial, bi-annual, and on an on?

The people that make gardening sound sexy, fun, and magical? You want to understand what the hell they are talking about and get in on the fun so you nod your head in agreement. But … in reality, you haven’t a clue as to what they are saying? I feel ya. I’ve been there too.

Well, today my dear friend we are going to arm you with the knowledge you need to nod your head and mean it. At least when it comes to annuals.

What is an annual anyway? And more importantly, why should you even care?

In a nutshell, an annual is a plant that lives one season then dies. Knowing what an annual is and how to use them in your garden can take your garden from good to showstopping in no time.

Sounds great, but it doesn’t sound very sustainable you say, and you are right. Annuals are rare in nature because they are not very sustainable with a one season shelf life.

Nature likes plants that continue their lives or continue to replicate themselves over and over.

We don’t usually allow an annual in our garden to live out its true life cycle because a brown plant that is going to seed is unsightly to most people.

So they are usually pulled up before going to seed. That means they never get to start the life process over with a new plant from those seeds the next season.

If an annual plant is left to fulfill its full life cycle it will drop seeds, and allow those seeds to go dormant until the next growing season. That gives those seeds an opportunity to grow into a new plant. This process keeps that particular species alive from generation to generation.

This is how Mama Nature intended annuals to go. It’s a far more sustainable cycle and makes a whole lot more sense.

But, we humans being the way we are tend to pull the annual plants out before they drop their seed because they get brown and die. So they don’t have the chance to go through the natural cycle and create new plants. Brown plants aren’t so pretty in the garden. So now what?

They aren’t very sustainable and it seems like pulling up the plant each season can get expensive you say? You are right on both points. True and true.

So, if they aren’t very sustainable and they cost you extra money why do people love annuals so much? Why do landscapers install them then rip them out at the end of the season and put a new annual in?

Well, annuals are usually pretty showy and hardy. They grow quickly. Remember, they have to grow, flower, and produce seeds all in one year before they die so they have to work fast.

They usually start producing flowers in six to eight weeks, impressive. They also provide color quickly and it usually lasts for the season. Most people love color in their garden. I know I do!

Annuals come in a wide variety of colors, sizes, shapes, and textures too. So they are a pretty diverse option for a showstopping garden.

Back to sustainability …

Now, don’t get me wrong I love color and annuals, and I like to see people plant more of any kind of plant, but there are some sustainability issues to keep in mind with annuals.

Because annuals are not very sustainable the way most people use them, you will find yourself going back to the nursery or big box store to buy more mature plants when the current plants start to decline and end their life cycle.

This seems like a huge waste of time and money. We are literally throwing out the seeds and then buying plants to replace them. Hum?

Another issue is that nine out of ten times those new plants come in plastic pots which unfortunately are not recyclable.

You can’t recycle most plastic garden pots in your regular recycling bin, and throwing them in the garbage would just send them to the landfill to off-gas, breakdown, and get into our water systems.

The plastic pots new plants come in are usually not recyclable so they end up in landfills and eventually in our water systems.

I don’t know about you, but the thought crushes my heart so I try hard not to do that. I use the plastic pots I do have over and over and when they rip I use duck tape to bring them back to life. But, I know at some point they will end up in a landfill creating microplastic that finds its way into our water systems and oceans. Not good.

We won’t be here in 1000 years (the time they estimate for plastic to breakdown) but while I am here I’m going to do my damnedest to use as little plastic as possible and change my habits for current and future generations. How about you?

So as much as I love color and fast-growing plants I’ve realized annuals are not great for our environment the way we are currently using them. I cringe when I see landscapers ripping out plants at shopping malls and industrial parks that look fine, just to install the new “fresh” ones. Ouch!

Just because that’s how it has been done before you doesn’t mean you need to do the same thing and repeat a broken cycle.

The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.

Most people think Einstein said this but it is not confirmed. Still a great quote.

P.S. You can try and save those plants the landscapers rip up and plant them in your yard. I’ve done it and had lots of success. Free plants. Wahoooo!

So what do you do if you want lots of color and annuals in your garden?

Start with seed and eliminate the plastic pot.

The first step is to eliminate the plastic pot. Buy seed instead. The second step is to use composted soil. Try not to buy composted soil in plastic bags if you can. If you have no other choice then please wash them out and recycle them where they recycle plastic bags, like Publix Supermarkets.

Great soil is the key to a great garden. Start with compost.

You can purchase great compost from nearby farms that have horses, cows, chickens, or goat waste. They are fantastic for new seeds. You can let the manure sit for a few weeks or months so it breakdowns and offers the perfect organic matter for seeds to grow in.

Always stick to herbivore compost. You CAN NOT, SHOULD NOT, ever use human, dog, cat, or any other meat-eating animal’s waste unless you have processed it correctly for years.

The Native Americans had a great system of rotating their potty stations in a square so by the time they came around to potty station one in the fourth year it was ready for planting. I don’t suggest that at this point in time.

Maybe when I’ve found some better studies on it in the future I’ll share a post about it. Until then please do not use meat-eater (carnivore, omnivore) waste. If you do it is at your own risk, and that is a big risk. Yuck.

For now, skip the meat-eater poo and go to a local landscape supplier. Call and ask them what is in their soil mix first. You’d like to get the most natural option possible like a composted horse or cow manure mixed with a soil that drains well. Then, bring a bucket or bag with you to fill with bulk compost.

Better yet, have them drop a big old load of composted soil in your yard or driveway. A nice example would be Big Earth they have tons of options and can mix to order. Google similar options for your area.

In the Spring, put down the new soil, spread the seeds on top, cover with a thin layer of additional composted soil, and water deeply every day until you see sprouts. Then, keep watering the soil daily or every other day depending on how dry your climate is.

Always water the soil, not the leaves, so it stays moist but is not soaking wet. Annuals do love water which is another reason they aren’t very sustainable.

You can minimize the issues of sustainability by buying seeds (no plastic pot) and buying bulk soil (no plastic bags). Every little bit counts!

The last concept is to plant the annuals between other long-living plants like evergreens, trees, shrubs, and ground covers.

In the photo below you can see how we created a hidden row for the annuals. They are nestled behind plants that are full and beautiful year-round. We used an evergreen hedge as an example.

Example of planting an evergreen row in front of annuals.

The annuals will come up for the season and give you that pop of color and drama you want in your yard. Then, when they die back you won’t have a blank yard with brown dying plants. The older annuals and seeds will be hidden behind the plants that are there year-round.

Example after the annuals have died back. They are hidden behind the evergreen row where the seeds will stay dormant until next Spring.

Most areas of the country are snow-covered in the winter so the annuals can stay buried and wait until Spring to sprout and do it all again with a new generation of plants.

How cool is that? It reduces your plant buying costs, time, labor, wasted plastic, and gives you a yard that dances with color.

Yes, you may see some brown plants peaking over the hedges once in a while. But, there is a solution for that as well.

If the annuals aren’t falling down fast enough for your aesthetic taste you can cut them back once they seed and let them compost right in place.

Then, put a thin layer of mulch over top (stay away from rubber mulch, red mulch, and acidic mulches like pine-they can stop seed growth). Or just use the brown plants you cut back as your mulch for the next season covered with a light layer of composted soil.

The beauty of this gardening style is that as the season changes and the annuals die back you will still have a beautiful yard.

If you are patient and allow the annual seeds to drop and overwinter you might be pleasantly surprised to see some plants come back the next year.

Seeds rarely have a 100% germination rate but you could get lucky and have a nice bloom.

Another benefit of gardening with annuals this way is that you will have more biodiversity growing from seed. See our post about the importance of seeds and biodiversity here.

Here at The Plant More Project we absolutely love wildflowers. Many wildflowers are annuals although there are also perennial wildflowers. The color, the texture, the animal life show it brings with butterflies, bees, and other pollinators is fantastic.

We plant the annual wildflowers knowing they will seed, die back, and a new generation will come back the next season. We also know that when they die it looks sad so we interplant with plants that will look good all year and that helps a lot.

The year-long plants may not be showy but they are still beautiful and offer a pleasant visual. The contrast between the annuals and the year-long plants is stunning too.

Here are some options for seeds in paper packets. Those paper packets will degrade quickly. I like to bury them under the seeds and let them degrade right there.

Check with your local master gardeners for native annual suppliers in your area.

So that is an annual. Pretty much one and done unless of course, you let them go to seed and have the next generation of healthy beautiful plants grow. Isn’t that what we all desire for our children to grow up strong and healthy, with a great future?

Let me know if you have questions or if you have a garden filled with annuals you’d like to share. We showcase gardens on our social media pages with the rights holder’s permission.

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In our next post we’ll talk about perennials.

Plant Power On!

Stephanie

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Growing your own Papaya, tips, and tricks to a deliciously successful fruit

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Affiliate Disclaimer: This post, document, email, or site may contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, The Plant More Project may receive a commission (at no additional cost to you). We use this money to help run our organization and continue our mission. Here’s a link to our full disclosures, terms & privacy if you’d like to read more.

Do you love Papaya? I sure do. It has such a sweet-tart, creamy taste and is great for you.

Growing Papaya (Carica papaya Linnaeus) isn’t hard. You can keep the seeds from an organic Papaya, and 9 times out of 10 they will grow into a hardy tree and produce fruit.

It isn’t 100% clear where Papaya originated but most people believe they traveled with the Spanish and Portuguese to the Americas.

Papayas thrive in subtropical and tropical regions.

Papayas enjoy tropical and subtropical climates.

Botanically they are considered large herbs and can grow to 30 feet tall at their max height so plant them in an area where they can grow nice and tall. Unless, of course, you read on and learn a helpful trick.

Sometimes I throw the seeds in a container or in the yard and wait for the surprise trees to show up and share their tasty goodness with me.

Years ago I tossed some seeds into a pot and multiple trees popped up. At the time we had 12 rescue bunnies. They have all since gone over the rainbow bridge but fear, not they lived long happy lives and taught me a lot about herbs and gardening. But that is for another post.

Gizmo, of the bunnies, ate the top off my 12″ tall Papaya tree. I thought that was that and figured it would die soon after. It didn’t die and it came back even stronger.

Sometime later, one of my garden friends told me that in Cuba and Puerto Rico they cut the tops off just like Gizmo did so the plants would grow back dwarfed. This way it is easier to reach the fruit. Thank you Gizmo, for that tip. You always were a great gardener.

Normally, a Papaya grows between 6-15 feet before it produces fruit. It will continue growing but after a bit of time, the fruit isn’t as sweet.

Left to nature the cycle would go something like this … fruit from the older tree drops, rots, and the seeds grow into new plants with sweet fruit. Most gardeners cut down the older trees when the fruit stops coming in sweet, but you could just leave them there for looks and animals if you’d like.

It only takes about 6-11 months to grow from seed to fresh ripened fruit. It all depends on the soil, light, water, and temperature during that period.

This makes Papaya a great first choice when starting out with fruit trees or a school garden. It isn’t instant satisfaction but pretty darn close.

You can eat Papaya plain and they come in their own biodegradable bowl. Papaya is great in salads, in dressings, in sauces, you can make jams and chutneys, or you can add a dash of salt and lime juice like they do in Mexico. Hello Yum!

There are some great Thai dishes that use green papaya which is also fantastic. The green papaya is not ripe yet.

You can save the seeds to grow new trees at a later date or dehydrate them and grind them up for parasite medicine for you and your pets. The seeds are great for killing parasites. Many animals like to eat them fresh too and receive benefits from it but check with your vet first just to make sure. They taste peppery.

I love the seeds and use them from time to time as a crispy dehydrated treat in salads. Please do your research before using them and consult your doctor if you are on any medications or have concerns about eating them.

Papaya filled with nutrients like Vitamin C, A, Magnesium, and Potassium and is thought to help with digestion, lower cholesterol, improve heart health, support eye health, is filled with antioxidants, boosts immunity, and can help with weight loss.

If you want to try to grow Papaya here are some tips and tricks.

  • Papaya trees like a good amount of water like most fruit trees. It takes a lot of water to make those juicy fruits. However, they don’t like sitting in water so well-drained soil is the best.
  • They like a bit of sandy loam Alkaline soil is perfect for Papaya.
  • They do enjoy nutrients and as we don’t promote chemical fertilizers we suggest using fish emulsion, compost, or another organic product like worm castings.
  • You can grow them indoors but need to make sure they have access to plenty of bright light and a nice size pot so they can grow big and strong.
  • They can also be grown in a greenhouse if you monitor the temperature. Papaya thrives in subtropical and tropical climates. Zones 10-11 are great.
  • There are a few varieties like the Sunrise Solo (most common), Golden Yellow, Mountain Papaya, Red Lady, Maradol, and Bella just to name a few. They are different flavors and sizes.
  • Cool fact. Payapa has male, female, and bisexual plants. It is the female flowers that turn into the best fruit. However, bisexual flowers can also produce small fruits. The males are great for cross-pollination. Plant a lot and you are bound to have all three. The pollinators can help you fertilize the female & bisexual flowers when you have males close by so plant a bunch of seeds.
  • To pick the perfect fruit they should be a little soft and have a nice red, orange, or yellow flesh, depending on which variety you planted. I personally love the yellow/orange. Those are ready when the fruit is completely yellow. I like to let most things ripen on the plant but you can remove them and let them ripen off the plant as well. The fruit should be firm but push in just a touch with light pressure. If it is too soft make a juice or nice cream, or freeze them for future use in smoothies.
  • When they get to about 12″ tall, cut the top off. I know it hurts, but they come back better than ever and stay smaller in height so you can reach the fruit easier. It worked when Gizmo did it.

I’d love to hear your experiences with Papaya. Share your recipes, growing techniques, or anything else you’ve experienced with Papaya. We all learn when you share.

Plant Power On!

Stephanie